Why the dog around the eyes can drop hair
The content of the article
- 1 Causes
- 2 What breeds are more susceptible to
- 3 main symptoms
- 4 Diagnostics in the veterinary clinic
- 5 Methods of treatment and prognosis
- 6 What to do at home
- 7 Possible complications
- 8 Preventive measures
Dog owners sometimes notice that the hair around the eyes in their pet begins to thin out, fall out, and the skin becomes inflamed. The animal can comb the affected area,and his eyes – tears, to fester, to swell and look like much inflamed.
When the owners of such signs should immediately take the dog to the vet, because such a state can have many causes. Among them are quite dangerous and uncomfortable for the dog.
The causes of the disease
Reasons why hair can fall out around the eyes a lot. Some of them associated with allergic reactions. They can be triggered by foods consumed. In most cases, the reason lies in the food allergen or an excess of protein in the products, which feed the dog. Most often this occurs when feeding animal natural, home-made food.
Loving home without a second thought in abundance enclose a pet in a bowl of chicken, fresh cottage cheese, eggs, liver, not realizing that can trigger unwanted health problems.
The same thing happens when too frequent washing and use of a dog is too aggressive or “human” cosmetics are not suitable dog. It can be perfumed soaps, shower gels, shampoos and even perfumes and deodorants.
Animals with hypersensitivity skin and hair coat can react to them. Since the skin around the eye is most thin and delicate, it first becomes a “victim of allergies.”
In young dogs cause of hair loss can be a juvenile blepharitis. Under his eyes begin to tear, hurt and become inflamed, there is suppuration, and then lost hair. Another disease can cause the same symptoms – meybomit, or inflammation of the meibomian glands. It is located deep in the century and manifests itself as an internal “barley”.
Baldness can also provoke old age, metabolism, hormonal problems, the presence of helminths and skin parasites, such as ticks.
What breeds are more susceptible to
Suffer from the problem of loss of hair all breeds, but because of the specificity of coat more than the others affected by parasites and infections long-haired breeds, especially with tufts of hair on the face, which can irritate the eyes. Inflammation of the eyes because of this can be so strong that it will lead to loss of hair around them.
More likely to experience problems with the dog’s fur species having sufficiently large and deep skin folds, such as pugs, Sharpe, boxers, chow chow, mastiff and bullmastiff, bulldog, Chihuahua.
The main symptoms
Hair loss around the eyes may begin with inflammation of the eyelids themselves, and then spread to the surrounding tissues. Manifestations depend on the cause of the disease, but the core of the following symptoms:
- Dog worried rubs his eyes and face because of the itching.
- The skin around the eye is inflamed, red and swells.
- Eyes secrete mucus, pus and tears.
- Coat thinning first, followed bald borne ulcers may fester and form very painful wounds.
- The animal loses appetite, become apathetic, and when you try to clean the wound may even bite a person, including the owner.
In addition to these symptoms, a number of diseases can be added to increase the body temperature, hair loss and to other parts of the body, severe itching, dry skin, dandruff, inflammatory processes.
Diagnostics in the veterinary clinic
Upon receipt of the animal hospital veterinarian examine him and take tests to identify the true cause of the disease. For suspected conjunctivitis, blepharitis or meybomit swab taken from the eye, which prove or disprove the presence of bacterial infection.
The same may be required for suspected skin infection – fungal or bacterial, ticks or worms.
Methods of treatment and prognosis
Treatments depend entirely on the cause of the disease. Only after identifying the vet prescribe appropriate treatment, such as antibiotics during infection, antifungal ointment – if fungus remedies for ticks – the detection of skin infestation.
Allergic reactions to external stimuli treated dog insulated from their influence, they appeared in a meal – a diet with exception of allergenic foods.
The earlier the host responds to the symptoms of pet diseases, the faster you can get rid of it without much damage to health.
What to do at home
Home Dogs need to ensure peace, good balanced diet, taking into account the need to limit protein food, cleanliness and care of the inflamed parts of the body.
If the dog tries to comb the affected area, will have to put him “Elizabethan collar”. Cover on his couch or bedding will often wash and iron hot iron, especially if detected mites or acute inflammation.
The animal must be protected from drafts and dampness.
If you miss the point and start the disease, it can affect the entire hair and the dog can be completely bald. This is not only aesthetically pleasing, but also can cause a variety of other health problems.
Extensive lesions have a negative impact on the immunity level, at which point the dog can easily “catch” any infection. The most serious consequences are as follows:
- Extensive skin infections – pyoderma, streptoderma.
- General blood poisoning, infection of the lymphatic system.
- Severe infections of the eye to the risk of visual impairment and blindness development.
- Lung disease, pneumonia.
So ticks can settle on the skin, that removing them will take a lot of time and effort. Hormonal problems impact not only on the fleece, but on all the internal organs.
In order to avoid health problems the dog, do not neglect hygiene, but do not abuse too frequent washing and dog handling. This can lead to a decrease in the resistance of the skin and damage hair.
It is allowed to use only special veterinary preparations for the care of animals. They are tested and do not cause allergies.
When the suspicion of trouble should immediately visit a veterinarian to prevent the disease in its very beginning.