Viral peritonitis of cats. Diagnosis, symptoms, prevention
The content of the article
- Causes of peritonitis virus
- Who is most susceptible to this disease?
- Treatment of peritonitis virus
The causative agent of viral peritonitis cats is kronovirus. The virus lives in the body of most cats. Very often it affects kittens between the ages of 6 months.
Causes of peritonitis virus
Living in the body kitten kronovirus can not cause him any serious inconvenience. Especially when you consider that this virus has the ability to independently excreted from the body of the animal along with fecal excrement and urine.
The virus breeds mostly in the kidneys, and thyroid gland, spreading from there throughout the body. He hardly susceptible to cold and can tolerate low temperatures, but it is quite sensitive to light and heat.
Who are most susceptible to this disease?
Peritonitis virus affects mainly young animals, ie, kittens at the age of 5-6 months. The older the animal, the less the risk of infection. Older cats incidence of viral peritonitis almost does not occur.
Particularly at risk in this case includes cats, living in large groups. Especially those who use one pan, because the virus is transmitted is from the patient and to the ill animals healthy through body fluids.
In groups of animals living in the same room can be a constant change of those who are sick and those who are ill with a viral peritonitis. Some secrete the virus in faeces and recover, while others are infected and then again isolated pathogen, infecting first.
Studies show that the incidence of peritonitis virus is very strongly influenced by stress factors. Animals exposed to constant stress or undergone quite a lot of stress once, subject to the incidence of peritonitis virus to a greater degree than other animals. In addition, animals with low immunity, as well as those animals, whose blood is not present specific antibodies, are also at risk.
There are also some special genetic predisposition to the disease virus peritonitis. Some cat breeds are more susceptible to the pathogen of the disease than others. What exactly is the reason, still can not figure out.
Peritonitis may occur viral in three forms:
In dry form the main symptoms of peritonitis can be loss of appetite, weight loss and fever strong, which does not pass even in the treatment of animal antibiotics. If a virus infects the liver, it can develop jaundice.
This dry peritonitis is particularly dangerous, because it is not possible to make an accurate diagnosis, and begin to treat it jaundice, fever and other symptoms. While the true cause of sickness in cats is much more serious.
Also, when dry form flow viral peritonitis possible eye damage. A lesion of the nervous system can be traced to a tendency of hydrocephalus, vestibular disturbances (e.g., an animal always tilts his head), sensitivity loss, urinary incontinence, and other nonspecific symptoms. Which, incidentally, can be easily confused with symptoms of other diseases, and to start the wrong treatment.
When wet form peritonitis observed accumulation of large amounts of fluid in the thoracic and abdominal cavity of the animal. It should be noted that the wet form of peritonitis is generated from the dry only in lesions of blood vessels cats.
Because in this case the virus may increase vascular permeability, which leads to accumulation of exudate in the region of the abdomen and thorax. Occasionally such separation begin to accumulate in the region of the heart bag, scrotum and other body cavities.
Upon infection by oral or airborne droplets affects primarily cells of the oral cavity and intestines. Therefore, the symptoms of this disease can be prolonged diarrhea, which eventually passes, and the body gets rid of the pathogen independently.
Asymptomatic viral peritonitis caused usually sufficiently strong immune animal. In this case just happens selection pathogens through fecal excrement and self healing of the body.
Treatment of peritonitis virus
The modern methods of treatment include the impact directly on the immune system of the animal. This is to ensure that the body cat could cope with the causative agent of the infection.
The danger of this disease is that even if there is the need for, and taking them to the analysis is still not always possible to timely identify and cure the disease. Therefore, a more common method is to use an integrated symptomatic treatment.
The best form of treatment of peritonitis virus is its prevention. Therefore, two weeks before delivery is recommended to isolate the pregnant cat from other relatives, if they live in a group. Also, experts advise to isolate very young kittens, so they could not use the common tray and bowls. Then peritonitis virus disease risk will be significantly reduced.
Dangerous disease: Gemobartonellez in cats symptoms .