How to travel with pets ? If you will travel, whether by plane or bus, and want to take your pet, be aware of some tips to ensure the well being of your pet. Dr. Marcelo Quinzani, the Hospital 24 hours Pet Care , provides important information for your journey be peaceful.
1. How is it determined which animals can be carried as hand baggage and which should go to the luggage compartment
An animal with a maximum of 15 kg may be brought into the cabin as hand luggage. From this weight must be carried in the cargo compartment.
2. An animal that travels with family often can suffer some damage health?
Animals should only travel if necessary. Usually, the most common is that cats and dogs accompany their owners on short trips weekend or vacation. Since other animals such as fish, birds, rodents and turtles should only be transported in case of need (shifts or final travel), as are stressed much during transport due to changes and fluctuations in temperature and even due to handling and abnormal movements . At first, they do not get stressed, especially if you are used to. It should be remembered that it is not recommended to carry pregnant females, aged animals, especially those with a diagnosis of cardiorespiratory or some neurological diseases
3. What care should be taken in relation to the feed during the trip?
Most get sick animals during the journey, and for that reason, should not be fed at least 3 hours prior to departure. The water supply must be constant, but the offered volume must be controlled to decrease the production of urine and possible vomiting. Some animals can and should receive medication for motion sickness, but always under the guidance and prescription from a veterinarian.
4. What are the documents required for the trip?
The case of transport within the national territory, cats and dogs must have a health certificate issued by a veterinarian, one Animal Transport (GTA) issued by qualified veterinarians from the Ministry of Agriculture, attesting to the health of the animal and portfolio updated vaccine. For dogs up to 4 months of age is not necessary certificate of rabies vaccine. From 4 months, the animal must be vaccinated against anti rabies vaccine that should be applied in a minimum of 30 days and maximum of 1 year. The GTA is valid for 7 days for only one direction of travel, this by specifying the starting and ending points. Thus, the back will be necessary to provide other GTA guide. All of these documents are required for air and ground transportation. Transportation in cars, in addition to the required documents and the care of the safety and comfort (shipping boxes and / or seat belts), should take special care to the ambient temperature. It should be give preference to the cooler hours of the day, or traveling overnight. If possible, the use of air conditioning should be used all the way.
5. What is the safe and proper way to carry large dogs during air travel?
The airlines determine the size of the shipping box according to the weight and size of the animal. preparation of required care is the same for small animals. Fast food at least three hours, leaving the animal urinate and defecate before putting it in the shipping box, if the animal is accustomed to, put some clothes to warm it due to the load compartment from the cold. The use of sedative may be a requirement of the company, and should be evaluated by the veterinarian responsible for it. The animal should carry a collar with identification, as well as the identification of the shipping box. Depending on travel time, other precautions may be indicated, such as the supply of water along the way.
6. These recommendations change when dealing with small dogs, cats or other animals?
No. Usually care is the same. What changes according to the weight of the animal where it can be transported (cabin or cargo bay) according to the size of the shipping box.
7. From the point of view of health and comfort of the animal, what are the tips for the owner to correctly choose the transport accessory (ventilation, size of the box or bag etc.)?
The boxes follow a global standard. When taken in the cabin (with the owner) the boxes may have a different pattern: be fabric, more open or more closed, among others.
8. All animals must be sedated before engaging in air travel? Who should evaluate this need and what is taken into account the efore making this decision?
There are airlines that require sedation. American companies do not recommend. The use of sedation should always be prescribed by a veterinarian if it deems necessary and should always be made a clinical evaluation of the animal before, and if deemed necessary, other tests may be required, before prescribing the use of sedatives. The dose is always calculated according to body weight. epileptic animals, neuropathy, liver disease, renal disease, heart disease or a respiratory and / or very obese problem should avoid the use of sedatives.
9. What precautions must be previously performed
Before prescribing a sedative, the animal should be evaluated by a veterinarian.
10. What is the importance of carrying out a check up in the animal before a trip? What should be evaluated?
Whether there is any impediment to travel and / or sedation. Sick animals should not be transported and invariably are not allowed in most countries. Carriers of infectious diseases, including fleas, ticks and myiasis or other pests can not travel. The vaccines should be updated and the animal is sedated should be be able to get this drug without any risk to your health. The clinical evaluation will determine which tests should be done before the trip.
11. How does the veterinarian can assist owners before travel?
Offering clinical, vaccination, microchips placement, issuing the health certificate and the GTA, prescription and guidelines on sedation if necessary, guidance on transport requirements of different airlines and countries among others. For animals who intend to join the European Community, the dosage of anti rabies antibodies is required. In this case, the collection can be done in the hospital and send the material goes to the Pasteur Institute.