Symptoms of hyperparathyroidism in cats
The content of the article
- 1 Causes of hyperparathyroidism
- 2 The symptoms of hyperparathyroidism
- 3 Diagnostics hyperparathyroidism
- 4 Current methods of treatment of hyperparathyroidism
- 4.1 Treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism
- 4.2 Treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism
Owners of cats are increasingly faced with the problem of poor health and the unusual behavior of pets. Often this may be indicative of one or anotherviolations of the cat’s body.
Unfortunately, with each passing year more and more susceptible to feline endocrine diseases due to malnutrition and improper care. One such disease is hyperparathyroidism in cats, which arises due to a lack of calcium in the cat body.
Causes of hyperparathyroidism
For normal development and growth of the cat diet menu should consist of foods, rich in calcium and phosphorus in the ratio of 1: 1. Unfortunately, most pets offer unbalanced diet, in which at least calcium and phosphorous max. Incorrect feeding leads to metabolic abnormalities and lower blood calcium levels.
To save the required amount of calcium in serum parathyroid hormone draws calcium from the bones of the animal and subsequently released into the bloodstream. As a result, the skeleton of a cat becomes very weak, the bones do not grow, and become brittle.
Secondary hyperparathyroidism in domestic animals may develop as a result of calcium deficiency, and its poor digestion feline body. Calcium may be poorly absorbed in the body representatives cat due to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract or thyroid, and fluorine in excess food phytin, magnesium, and vitamins A and D. Calcium deficiency in cats body may also be associated with the rapid growth of the animal.
The symptoms of hyperparathyroidism
With the insidious disease faced by both adult cats and little kittens a few weeks. The disease develops gradually. First pet feels discomfort, slight pain in the bones, leading a sedentary lifestyle – is constantly sitting or lying down. If the animal is experiencing severe pain, it can hiss and even bite.
In the active phase of the disease in cats and dogs appear limp, the bones become very soft. High activity of cats often results in multiple small fractures.
The main symptoms of an endocrine disease are:
- severe pain in bones and muscles;
- abrupt change or disorder of growth of teeth;
- deformity of the pelvic bone;
- change the chest;
- delay stool and urine;
- limb paralysis;
As soon as the first signs of hyperparathyroidism, urgently need to contact a highly qualified doctor-vet.
diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism
For an accurate diagnosis is carried out a visual inspection of the pet and the conversation with the owner of the animal’s behavior and diet. About unbalanced diet suggests the constant use of milk porridge, baby beef sauce, fatty meats and industrial low-quality forages. At the wrong diet kitten does not get all the necessary minerals and the right amount of phosphorus and calcium.
To confirm hyperparathyroidism in cats, X-ray examination is carried out. When endocrine disease on x-ray can be clearly seen: the low density of bones, spinal curvature, pathological fractures, and small creases tail. After confirmation of the exact diagnosis is assigned a course of treatment, depending on the pet’s age, the disease and the condition of a sick animal.
To make an accurate clinical picture of the disease, laboratory tests are assigned to help you determine the state of parathyroid hormone and phosphorus levels and calcium ions in the blood. Laboratory tests, x-rays, examination and consultation with the owner of the animal can determine an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Modern methods of treatment of hyperparathyroidism
The treatment method depends on the stage and severity of the disease. Are primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism alimentary kittens and adult cats each of which requires its own specific treatment regimen.
Treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism
When the first symptoms of the disease and the diagnosis is assigned a diet consisting of ready feed comprising an optimal ratio of mineral substances and vitamins. In some cases, a dietary menu from natural products. But it requires strict observance of all proportions, it is very difficult for the owner.
Diet food for a certain period of time contributes to the favorable development of the formation of the skeleton and bones of animals.
In primary hyperparathyroidism, surgical intervention. A qualified physician appointed by surgery to remove the damaged lobes. Surgical method will minimize the production of parathyroid hormone and thus reduce the rate of calcium in the blood. After surgery the animal is placed under the supervision of a veterinarian for monitoring calcium levels.
Treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism
Secondary hyperparathyroidism in kittens divided into food and kidney. Each type involves a method of treatment. At revealing during X-ray diffuse bone loss, reduce the intensity of the shadows and subperiosteal bone fractures in the first place, it is recommended to limit any movement of the animal.
Pet placed in a cage or box for up to 1 month, at least. Then developed a strict diet menus, consisting of balanced feed. An excellent embodiment will be ready to use industrial food with a content of essential nutrients (phosphorus, vitamin D and calcium).
Treatment of eating hyperparathyroidism performed by medication. Prescribers of vitamins and calcium for most better absorption of dietary food. To improve the condition of the bones shows the drugs – and hondortron travmatin.
Food hyperparathyroidism accompanied usually severe constipation. Therefore, to mitigate the stool consistency appointed petrolatum, lactulose or other performance-enhancing drugs, depending on the condition and age of the animal. To improve the motility of the stomach, eliminate bloating and gas formation prescribed carminative preparations containing simethicone.
Secondary renal hyperparathyroidism must also be treated with dietary menu, medicaments and vitamin preparations. The only condition, diet should be built in such a way as to reduce the level of phosphorus in the blood, and drugs – to reduce the phosphorus absorption from the gastrointestinal tract.
Thus, hyperparathyroidism in kittens and adult cats accompanied by a metabolic disorder associated with an excess of phosphorus, calcium deficiency and vitamin D deficiency in the cat body.
Appearing in the body of representatives of the cat serious hormonal disturbances have a negative impact on bone condition. Timely and quality treatment of the insidious disease would save the life of a kitten and adult cats for many years.