Pyroplasmosis in dogs: difficult to tolerate, easy to treat. The main thing is to notice in time!
The content of the article
- What happens in the body of the dog
- How to treat
Piroplasmosis or babesiosis of dogs – severe disease and, unfortunately, common. The causative agent of its stand-celled microbes that get into the blood of animals after being bitten by ticks.
Often infected hunting dogs, although domestic urban babesiosis not pass. More severe disease occurs in purebred animals, especially in puppies. The danger of being bitten up in spring and autumn. In other seasons possible exacerbation of chronic already sick pet, as well as a new disease caused by a medical error during a blood transfusion.
In the latter case piroplasmosis is developing rapidly: the first symptoms manifest themselves literally on the second day. When the tick bites contained in its saliva parasites manifest themselves through a three-week incubation period.
What happens in the body of the dog
Infiltrating into red blood cells, “nanoparazity” begin to multiply rapidly. Red blood cells are destroyed, thus it stands out a lot of hemoglobin. It breaks down straight into the blood kidneys just do not have time to process it. Toxic decomposition products violate the vascular conductance, and the heart of the first to suffer. Due to anemia and oxygen deficiency disrupted the activities of the many other systems of the body: the liver is exposed to destruction, there may be pulmonary edema …
If the dog is not treated or incorrect diagnosis, death is inevitable. Timely initiation of treatment with a professional veterinarian makes the chances of recovery high enough.
Piroplasmosis proceeds differently.
When hyperacute form of the disease the dog dies quickly. The owner simply does not have time to figure out what is going on and call a doctor.
Acute piroplasmosis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- loss of appetite, the dog refuses to eat;
- disappear reactions occurring around;
- there is a weakness, shortness of breath;
- increased heart rate and body temperature;
- discolor mucous membranes;
- the urine becomes reddish.
Urgent veterinary clinic! Otherwise – paralysis and death.
In animals with strong immune systems, or have been ill with a chronic form of piroplasmosis possible. Among the signs observed a rise in temperature, weakness, diarrhea, loss of appetite, followed by exhaustion. However, a few weeks later the dog is likely to recover.
How to treat
In any case not at home! Diagnosis and treatment should be engaged specialist veterinaries.
Most likely it will assign intramuscular injection azidina seven percent solution (Beren). If you can not bring the temperature down, the next day injections must be repeated. Also effective tripanblau (tripansin) intravenously.
Before injections camphor oil is used, caffeine or other drugs to facilitate the work of the heart, as well as toning, krovovosstanavlivayuschie, laxatives. Also shown are the restrictions in movement for over two weeks and a special diet.
However, the recovery period will last for several months, during which the need to monitor the status of the pet with the help of tests. They will show the decline and disappearance of pathogens in canine blood disorders.
Of course, it is better not to bring the dog to a state fraught with unrest, severe course of the disease and complications even in the case when it was possible to escape death. Search with the onset of heat is almost hopeless in the thick wool mite. (Although it is helpful to know that most of the insect is attached to a portion with a thin skin: the external ear, neck, chest). It is better to take care of the treatment of your pet and pet protivokleschevye aerosols, drops on the withers or wear on his special collar. Toxic drug will kill the tick before it vopotsya into the skin of the animal.
Unfortunately, the long acting agent after applied to the wool. Safer vaccination. Vaccination should be done two months before the period of seasonal activity of ticks. However, infection from the vaccine will protect not. But even fatal illness eliminate.