PERIODONTAL DISEASE IN DOGS AND CATS

WHAT IS PERIODONTAL DISEASE?

Periodontal disease is the result of the inflammatory response produced by dental plaque on the structures of the teeth: the gum, periodontal ligaments and alveolar bone. The dental plaque is a film – shaped structure that is formed around the teeth due to the presence of bacteria, saliva, food scraps, etc. If the plaque mineralizes and invades internal areas of the grooves, it accumulates dental calculus or tartar that favors the inflammation and infection of the gum.

SYMPTOMS OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE IN DOGS AND CATS

  • Bad breath (halitosis) is an obvious sign that there is a dental condition
  • It is the inflammation and redness of the gums, which appears when the presence of bacterial plaque in the mouth of the animal is not controlled

TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF CANINE AND FELINE PERIODONTITIS

Periodontal disease appears when the animal has not received the necessary oral care to maintain a clinically healthy gum and passes through different phases depending on its condition.

  • Maintain good oral hygiene of the animal. The dental care of pets goes through controlling the bacterial plaque so that it does not cause inflammation. This depends largely on the owner of the animal, who should be responsible for brushing the teeth of your dog or cat regularly with specific animal hygiene products. In addition, it is very important that the owner of the pet knows the pathological process of the dental disease.
  • Canine and feline dental cleaning. This treatment is performed to eliminate bacterial plaque or tartar accumulated under general anesthesia and includes supra and subgingival tartrectomy with ultrasound in root zones, polishing of tooth crowns with paste and micromotor, washing and gingival cleansing.
  • Removal of unviable dental pieces or periodontal surgery (if necessary) and establishment of antibiotic coverage
  • Mouth scans and periodic check-ups to ensure that good gum health is maintained, that care and recommendations are made with the owner.

 

Mouth infections affect animals differently according to their breed and other genetic factors. The animals most predisposed to suffer from periodontal disease are usually small breeds such as the Yorkshire Terrier, and older dogs and cats.

The dental hygiene of your pet influences your general health. Mouth examinations are essential to prevent dental problems from resulting in infections in other parts of the body such as the heart, liver or kidneys.

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