Earlier this year, the athlete Maureen Maggi had leishmaniasis confirmed after attending a reality. Visceral leishmaniasis, commonly known as kala-azar, is caused by the genus Leishmania and is transmitted by insect sting, the sandfly, also known as phlebotominae.
The disease also affects the dogs, which are the main reservoirs of the disease, and can even lead to death. It is a silnciosa disease, meaning that hardly shows outward symptoms, and develops slowly. Only in a later stage of the disease is detected kidney, liver and spleen, which may cause the animal’s death.
The diagnosis of Leishmania can be done via blood samples and biopsy glândios only your veterinarian can indicate the most suitable method. For the prevention of disease, in addition to the focus control of mosquitoes, we can protect our dogs with the vaccine against canine visceral leishmaniasis associated with preventive medication to mosquito bites in the form of collars and pipette to apply in the animal’s neck.
Vaccination can only be indicated by the veterinarian after clinical examination and serological negative against the disease, and the dog must have more than four months. The initial protocol is three vaccine doses should be applied in 21 days interval. After application of the first dose, vaccination is annual.
It is important that the animal is vaccinated, as this is the main form of protection against leishmaniasis, being safe and effective. In addition, vaccination helps in controlling the disease, which can be transmitted to humans. The disease can cause discomfort to the animal and also cause visceral and skin lesions.
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