Caring for your pet: AT HOME
Nothing to leave the animal in the constantly sunny backyard or closed in stuffy apartment. Shadow (in ventilated areas) and fresh water are matter of survival for dogs and cats. Change the water in the trough several times a day and make sure that the pot is not exposed to the sun in no time – after all, who like warm water? Even add some ice cubes to the water fountain. For cats, who prefer running water, an electronic water cooler may encourage them to drink more fluid throughout the day. Tip from the Experts: sprinkle water on the back and on the paws helps cool the animal. If he gasped, wrap it in a wet towel with cold water and leave it for a while in front of the air conditioning or fan
IN THE CAR
Dogs are crazy about car rides, right? The problem is that this excitement also disrupts the body’s cooling process. Therefore, in very hot days, the air conditioning must remain on all the way – and, preferably, avoid long trips during the day. Another recommendation of veterinarians: never, under any circumstances, let the trapped animal in the car or with a gap open glass and under a tree. Even in the shade, the temperature inside the vehicle rises quickly, and the animal can faint or even die in half an hour
Dogs are loyal and never refuse an owner invitation for a walk, but if they lived alone in nature never would come out of the woodwork in the blazing sun. It is not necessary to suspend the daily walks, of course, but the ideal is to reduce the route and restrict the times of outputs: before 10 am and after 18 hours.
Prefer local lawns – the hot asphalt can burn the pads, those pads of the paws – and light portable water troughs.
The hint of cold water sprayed on the back also applies to tours. And respect the dog limits: Stop Ride panting animal, trying to escape the sun in search of the shaded areas. Finally, aggressive dogs must wear a muzzle iron, a model that does not prevent the opening of the mouth. And attention! Walk flat snout dogs on hot days, with closed muzzle, it is halfway to a severe hyperthermia
With the proliferation of parasites in summer, experts recommend the use of products that protect the animal from fleas and ticks every three weeks. “Avoid bathing two days before and two days after the application of the product,” teaches the vet Mario Marcondes
BATH AND TOSA
The bathrooms and grooming of pets shops are environments for hyperthermia: stress impairs breathing animal and dryers connected with the day, the temperature is always high.
Avoid peak times of heat and keep it by the shorter than usual animals. At home, weekly baths should be done with warm water, because the very cold water can cause thermal shock. Finally, use only the short towel to dry animals, and the cold air of the dryer to the long
If the animal show restless, stay with wheezing and present slightly purple tongue, even after the homemade attempts to cool it, take it to the vet immediately, keeping it wrapped in a wet towel with cold water and, in car, positioned in front of the exit of the air conditioning. “Under normal conditions, the body temperature does not exceed 39.5 graus.Se it reach 40 degrees, but only breathing may be insufficient to cool the animal. In that case, he may need the application of cold saline in the vein or even need to be sedated and intubated, “explains veterinarian Marcelo Quinzan i
Be careful with the sun!
Skin cancer is not unique to humans. Prolonged exposure to the sun is responsible for the incidence of skin cancer in dogs and especially in cats – the pussies are more likely due to the habit of spending hours taking sunbathing. As the damage of UV rays are cumulative, most cases involve older animals.
Symptoms: the disease starts as a red speck on the skin and becomes a wound that does not heal or heal up, then back then
More Areas affected body areas with less dense coat. In cats, malignant lesions tend to appear on the eyelids, the nose, inside the ears and in the area between the eyes and the ears. In dogs, the risk area is the abdomen
Prevention: You can protect areas of little coat with sunscreen SPF 30 traditional, since unscented and hypoallergenic. As cats have a habit of licking constantly, the ideal would be to avoid long sun
Treatment: consists of surgical removal or cryotherapy, in which the lesion is burned with liquid nitrogen. It seems simple and even can be, when it comes up in the belly. In cats, however, the disease affects the eyelids, ears and nose, which may result in deformation of the face. It is worth noting that the earlier the diagnosis, the greater the chances of cure
Races at higher risk of developing the disease: short white coat and animals. As malignant tumors usually appear on the head, cats and dogs bi and tri-color as fox zebrafish, bull terrier and whippet, can also develop the disease
Diet without risks
It is hard to resist the dog’s need of face in front of a treat, right? When the food in question is chocolate, ignore it is the safest option. Chocolate contains two stimulants that affect the central nervous system and do great harm to the pet’s: theobromine and caffeine. “Depending on the amount ingested, chocolate can cause vomiting, diarrhea, arrhythmia or seizures in dogs and cats,” he says Tatiane Marry Sipriani, clinical General Koala Animal Hospital in São Paulo. The higher cocoa concentration, the greater the danger to the animal. See other foods that can be toxic to them:
Grapes: studies show that regular intake of fruit may be responsible for cases of renal failure in dogs and cats
Dairy products: for some animals, ice cream, yogurt and other products with lactose can cause vomiting and diarrhea
Garlic and onions: regular consumption of food seasoned with garlic and onions can affect the production of red blood cells and lead to anemia