In October, President Michel Temer was admitted to the Syrian-Lebanese Hospital, due to a urinary retention frame by an enlarged prostate, which generated more discussion on the subject.
We are in the blue in November , the month of awareness about prostate disease , and we can not forget that these diseases can also achieve our dogs.
From 8 years of life, not registered male dogs have 80% chance of developing prostate disease called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). Unlike the case of men, the disease in the dog brings a lower risk for the development of malignant tumors, but still ends up compromising the quality of life and welfare of dogs.
Over 90% of prostatic diseases would be prevented during the life of dogs, if they were castrated in the first year of life .
The prostate, located just below the bladder and surrounding part of the urethra is a sexual gland that participates in the reproductive process and is influenced by sex hormone produced in the testes.
When the dog is spayed before 8 months of age, there is a smaller development of prostate tissue due to the absence of testosterone, which inhibits tissue growth. This procedure causes no damage to the dog’s health, since the only function of the prostate is nutritional support for sperm. If castration occurs in adulthood, ie when the animal has already got the prostate in normal or increased size, it tends to decrease 3/4 of normal size within a few months.
Problems passing urine (urine in thin jets, urinate blood and more taking to empty the bladder) and defecation are the most common symptoms that something is not right with the prostate gland of your dog and the size of it is causing some discomfort. As the prostate enlarges, it pushes the straight upward against the pelvis, reducing the area of passage of stool of the colon to the rectum, which makes the dog stretch and make a greater effort to defecate.
The painful prostate and constant effort for defecation may cause complications for the dog, as the appearance of hernias perinea l, which causes the increase in volume next to the anus, causing more pain and difficulty pee and poop . In the early reports of increased prostate with inflammation it is very common to presence of blood in the wetting and persistent urinary infections .
The diagnosis of prostatic hyperplasia and / or prostatitis can be performed according to the clinical picture of the animal and through the rectal examination. Upon examination, the veterinary surgeon can feel the prostate and determine if it is larger and / or irregular. The confirmation is made by abdominal ultrasound examination and, if possible, by cytology guided by ultrasound .
Treatment depends on the source of the enlarged prostate, but the castration of the male dog should be indicated for all dogs with increased prostate, whether or not treatment with antibiotics, prostate cyst drainage or even surgical removal of the prostate.
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