Causes and symptoms of rickets in dogs
The content of the article
- What breeds are more susceptible to
- main symptoms
- Diagnostics in the veterinary clinic
- Methods of treatment and prognosis
- What to do at home
- Possible complications
- Preventive measures (diet)
Changing the quality of food affects the level of incidence of rickets in dogs. It occurs less frequently, which can not but rejoice, because this disease disfiguresanimal and gives him cruel suffering. However, the rarity of the disease does not mean its complete absence.
The main danger lies in the fact that an inexperienced person could easily miss the first signs of illness in your pet, just bought a puppy or a newborn offspring.
The causes of the disease
Rickets – a deficiency of vitamin D in the body, which leads to violations of education, formation and development of bones. If for some reason the lack of vitamin D and its metabolites are involved in the absorption of calcium, at the time of the most intense skeletal growth, it affects bone mineralization and growth, as well as form.
Basically rickets is most noticeable on the curvature and the weakness of the limbs, but the disease affects all bones, without exception.
In dogs, the disease can occur for the following reasons:
- Genetic malfunction during fetal development caused by disease, toxins, poor diet.
- Problems with vitamin D assimilation through the skin.
- Dysfunction of the parathyroid glands.
Since rickets in “pure form” at home, especially purebred dogs is quite rare, it is often confused with secondary hyperparathyroidism feed, ie problems with the work of the parathyroid glands.
Such difficulty with the definition of disease require that the passage diagnostics in a veterinary clinic have been treated with two different diseases entirely different means.
Moreover, to get rid of rickets just sunbathing or even the use of vitamin D is not always possible, as the disease is associated with a complex disorders – deficiency of vitamin D and calcium, as well as an excess of phosphorus.
Treatment is complicated by the fact that there are several forms of vitamin D:
- cholecalciferol, produced in the skin under the influence of solar radiation and dog ingested with food;
- ergocalciferol, comes into the body through food only.
In order to cure an animal, you need to respond quickly to the first signs of the disease to be diagnosed and begin proper treatment prescribed by a veterinarian experienced.
What breeds are more susceptible to
You can not select any one breed that is most affected by rickets or has tendency to the disease. dogs affects all breeds and mongrels, too. Those at risk include those species, whose representatives are in the process of selection received congenital pathology of the skeleton – dachshund, dachshunds, rottweilers, bulldogs and other dogs with “raw” constitution and curves with short legs, long body.
With the development of rickets changes in the skeleton of animals particularly conspicuous. The same can be said of the Dog with a graceful constitution and thin legs, especially in Chihuahua. limb deformities in them immediately noticeable and should not seriously alarm the owner. In healthy dogs bones just will not bend.
The main symptoms
While bitch puppies nourished with breast milk, the problem does not occur because the food contains all the necessary substances in ideal proportions. Rickets usually manifested after pup proceeds to manual power. If the food is picked up incorrectly, or joined by other problems, the balance is disturbed, and there may be signs of rickets:
- Sick Puppy excrete its small size, it is the most weak and small, stronger brothers and sisters often insulted him and take away food.
- Unsociable dog is different and very affectionate, “sticky” temper.
- Unlike its larger and more powerful fellow gets tired quickly, can often sit down or lie down, his legs shaking, gait becomes uneven. Sometimes these animals suffer from cramps and spasms due to weakness of the muscles and bones.
- Usually patients puppies excellent appetite, but after eating them may feel sick, they observed constipation or diarrhea, and the state may regularly replace each other.
- With good food in a dog bulging ribs and backbone, the limbs become weak and curves. A characteristic feature of rickets – a big stomach with an overall thinness and curved legs.
- The joints of the animal increases, some bones (ribs) appear knotty education. Joints do not just increase – their shape is changed.
- When moving the host may notice that the puppy paws strange places, like twisting them inside or out. Sometimes it can be only one foot or even individual joints, such as the metatarsal of the foot, toes.
- On examination of the teeth is necessary to pay attention to the condition of the enamel. In a healthy dog, it is smooth, white and shiny. One of the signs of rickets is to change the color and texture of the enamel – it can be a greyish or yellowish, it becomes matted as if porous. Also, deviations may occur in the process of change of milk to permanent teeth.
The faster the owner notice abnormalities in the behavior and health of the puppy, the sooner you can begin treatment. Rickets is dangerous not only a violation of the functions and status of the skeleton. bone deformation leads to the fact that the internal organs are displaced and this negatively affects the overall health and development of the dog.
Diagnostics in the veterinary clinic
When razvivshemsya rickets conclusion can be made even appearance of the animal, but the vet is required to conduct a thorough inspection, check the movement and felt his joints and limbs dog. Then send the animal for the surrender of analyzes and surveys:
- Blood biochemistry.
- calcium and phosphorus levels.
Based on these data, doctors make a conclusion that was the cause of the manifestations, and whether it really rickets or display malfunction of the parathyroid glands. This is very important because it affects the choice of treatment and prescription of medicines.
Especially needed is the determination of levels of phosphorus and calcium, as this analysis will allow the veterinarian to make the right menu or assign the appropriate medication drugs to compensate for the missing minerals.
Methods of treatment and prognosis
In the early stages of the disease cope with it quite easily. In most cases, enough to change the dog food on the balanced. Best suited finished products, which will choose a veterinarian.
In cases where there are significant changes in the skeleton, or the puppies are great, you have to use medication – calcium supplements and vitamin D in combination with irradiation under the UV lamp. Giving a drug may be only on prescription, as sometimes calcium tablets or vitamins may even harm, for example, with an excess of phosphorus in the animal body.
Dog should regularly to walk in the quiet rhythm, without too much bustle and hurry, because the weakened animals do not need additional stress on diseased bone. But the movement is useful, because it strengthens the muscles. Durable muscular frame prevents further curvature of the bones.
Unfortunately, if rickets detected late (after 12 months), no drugs are not corrected a deformed skeleton. Such animals need to change the diet and an excess of phosphorus to try to withdraw its excess from the body. It is important to strengthen the muscles that they have taken over some of the load, which can not withstand weak and deformed parts of the skeleton.
To avoid irreparable consequences, the dog should be properly fed, to walk in the sun, and regular visits to the vet.
What to do at home
If the puppy is diagnosed rickets, the owner is equally important to avoid the two extremes – in every possible way to spoil the dog, not allowing him to move, so as not to enhance the curvature of the bone, or on the contrary, too intense “chase” him to strengthen the muscles.
It is important to use the correct professional feed, give a dog feasible exercise, do not forget about the need for UV health, but do not keep the animal under the scorching rays of the sun – it can cause burns and even sunstroke.
If puppies are many weak and hurt, the owner will have to feed the baby alone to him getting any full portion, and it grew stronger and stronger.
The most serious, which threatens a sick animal – a pathological fractures with strong bones and curvature “washout” of calcium from them. In addition, the deformed skeleton unable to maintain normal vital activity of the dog, and it will have a problem with mobility difficulties in socialization. Curves, damaged limbs do not allow the dog to lead a normal active life.
In advanced disease the animal may become disabled. Rickets can lead to disruption of the functioning of internal organs, especially the cardiovascular system.
prevention measures (diet)
Since rickets occurs when eating disorders and lack of natural sunlight, the main prevention methods include proper feeding puppy, use a balanced professional feed and walking outdoors. The dog should be fed or prepared food, or its menu of home-made products should be professional with the age, weight, activity and health.
Since the disease can occur for other reasons, the puppy should be regularly show the vet and to implement all its recommendations. If the owner himself noticed signs of illness, it is impossible to show initiative and try to treat the animal children’s medications from rickets, give vitamin or mineral supplements, to stuff his cheese, jelly, jellied meat and bones brain.
First you need to find out the cause of the disease and tests, and then take appropriate measures. Only in this way can not hurt, and healthier dog.
Regular walking in the street to help promote the health of the animal, even if the owner thinks the dog is not enough time in the sun. We must remember that UV rays can penetrate even through the glass, so that when walking in the shade and half animal get the right dose that promotes the production of vitamin D.