Caring for dogs and cats at home
The relationships between people and pets should be based on a pleasurable relationship. Usually we decided to share our home with animals because we like them and based on that, why this coexistence gives us pleasure. So care must be taken in relation to both individuals (us and the animals). Remember that nowadays a dog and cat can live for over 16 years on average.
For animals, we must take into account their safety and comfort. Grills and screens in apartment windows are required especially when dealing with cats. In single-storey houses and residences gates and walls should prevent the free access of animals into the street and the risks they offer. Provide a safe place where the animal feel comfortable and protected (a house, a cushion or a room of the house and / or apartment) where you can sleep and be quiet if desired. A place where are offered food and fresh water and another place where you can accomplish your needs (urine and stool), usually far from where it feeds. From the beginning (as a puppy), limits must be established to the animal, such as where you can go where you can sleep, you can climb on the furniture and sofas, you will sleep with the owner or separate location etc. Usually when we have a puppy, which is invariably cute and nice, we tend to carry it in his arms, put to sleep next to us, leton the sofa etc. We must always remember that this animal will grow and may even not be so cute and small, that was used to all these perks, do not want to lose them after they become adult. So from an early age already impose such restrictions as it may become a problem want to do this after accustomed.
For persons should take into account cases of allergy to animal hair , life rhythm (it is a long time away from home, traveling often turns weekend away from home etc) because the animal requires care and companionship, especially during the first months of life. As an adult, we have to worry about the usually weekly baths, daily physical tours and activities, and removal of feces and urine cleaning, health-care, annual vaccination, regular visits to the vet, feeding care etc. All this requires time and dedication . For females we must remember of estrus (fertile periods) than in cats manifests in constant howls and attempts to leave the house every 15 to 30 days and in dogs manifests with vaginal bleeding for 8 to 12 days, twice a year and may soil the environment, mainly apartments.
It should take into consideration that all the inhabitants of the house must agree to adopt a pet.
What diseases they can transmit?
Healthy and vaccinated animals (dogs and cats), just do not transmit diseases to men. Keeping should be animals dewormed every 6 months to prevent disease as “geographic animal”, giardiasis among others, use preventive against fleas and ticks on animals regularly, vaccinated against rabies every year, keep your pet clean and fleeced to avoid dirt on by, do not feed the cats with raw meat or poultry and rodents allow hunting to prevent transmission of toxoplasmosis (through the feces of sick cats), mosquito control for the control of leishmaniasis in endemic areas and other care. Knowing the origin of the animal , regular visits to the veterinarian for clinical evaluation and tests for these diseases, as well as healthy habits and basic hygiene measures are sufficient for the prevention of the above diseases.
Which breeds best suited to stay indoors?
It depends on the size of the house and the habits and routines of people. For apartments indicated small animals that require less care for (no exchange of the, same that require regular grooming), and are not very active and noisy. Often the cats fit perfectly in these qualities because they are very independent and require less care and attention, especially if they have to stand alone for any time of day. For dogs can indicate the Malts, the Lhasa apso, Shi tsu, the Poodle and others.
Where the needs are to be made? How to teach them?
In a place easy to clean, preferably away from the place where they eat. You can use cash and sand (for cats) or diapers or newspapers for dogs . Cats are born knowing what to do and usually do not need to teach. Only the adult male cats neutered can not urinate outside the indicated location, in this case to mark territory. Already the dogs need a little patience and dedication to teach the proper location, but usually around the fourth month of life already know how to do at the given location. Also adult males intact dogs may urinate outside the site to mark territory. The location should be periodically washed with dilute sodium hypochlorite (bleach) and preferably is exposed to the sun and well – ventilated to prevent it becomes moist. Some dogs may need training or more intensive teaching, but teaching invariably have consistency, they learn very easily.
What is the ideal food?
Feed quality and origin will always be indicated food, according to the age and size of the animal.