Calendar of vaccinations for kittens and cats
If you decide to have a kitten as a pet, you need to give aware of the fact that, apart from a great joy, but also a huge responsibility.
Careful manager carefully monitors the health of your pet and take all precautionary measures to maximize the animal was protected from contracting various infections. As a preventative methods to combat infectious diseases apply:
- vaccination of animals;
- avoiding contact with the street cats;
- exception stay unvaccinated animal in the street;
- compliance with rigorous hygiene facilities.
Vaccination of cats – a way that gives a high percentage of the guarantee that your animal is not infected by a serious illness, or, in case of infection, the disease will occur easily and without complications.
When and how many times to be vaccinated cats?
Kittens are vaccinated cats have a natural immunity within the first 9-12 weeks of life, but then they are at increased risk because their immune systems are still immature. It is recommended that the first vaccination kittens at about 8 weeks and re – 3-4 weeks. This schedule will allow to overcome the reaction of maternal antibodies and develop their own immunity. After that kittens can be transferred to the new family.
It is believed that the animal revaccination should be carried out annually. But veterinarians emphasize that the approach to this question is strictly individual. The same vaccine affects different animals in different ways. It depends on age, general health status, a cat of certain diseases.
All these factors affect the duration of protection, and after examination of the animal specialist will recommend vaccination plan specifically for your pet.
Rabies – is the only disease that cats should be vaccinated every year, regardless of any conditions.
Thus, the schedule of vaccinations for the cats will look like this:
|The age at which the vaccine is made from:||The first vaccination||booster||revaccination|
|in 8-9 weeks||3-4 weeks from the first inoculation||on the recommendation of a veterinarian|
Reasons for animals which have been vaccinated can contract a contagious disease, the following:
- violation vaccination schedule;
- use of certain drugs;
- prolonged stress;
- the presence of parasites.
All of these factors reduce the immune system, causing infection and can occur, so it is especially important to take them into account and to be vaccinated on schedule.
How to prepare for vaccination and vaccinate cats from what?
Before the vaccination is necessary to process the cats for worms and fleas. After deworming and get rid of ectoparasites in 10-14 days you can go to the vaccine.
Veterinarians are advised not to be vaccinated if:
- kitten changing teeth (4-6 months);
- an animal less than surgery was performed 4 weeks ago;
- pregnant cat or kitten feeds;
- the animal is weakened immunity;
- planned mating;
- the cat is in contact with a sick animal.
The most dangerous infections for cats are:
- kaltsivirusnoy infection – a highly contagious and dangerous for young individuals, often leading to death;
- panleukopenia – less contagious, but very serious disease with a high percentage of mortality;
- rhinotracheitis herpesvirus – infection, severe flowing, and accompanied by serious complications;
- chlamydia – an infection of the cornea of the eyes, respiratory system and reproduction, which can be passed from cat to man;
- rabies – disease resulting in severe damage to the nervous system, often resulting in death, and very dangerous to humans.
Strains of these diseases are part of the polyvalent vaccination, “Novibak”, The Netherlands; “Purevaks” and “Feligen” France.
If you use high-quality products and to comply with the recommended immunization schedule doctor, your furry purring will be healthy and vigorous for years to come!