If you have a dog and usually take you to the beach, some care must be taken before the trip. One of the main care is with heartworm disease , better known as the Heart Worm Disease .
Your dog can pick up heartworm disease if bitten by a mosquito infected with the larvae of the heartworm. This larva migrates to the blood vessels, reaching the heart, and there they become adult worms. The worm can reach more than 20 cm long, is in the heart and leads to heart disease.
The symptoms vary according to the amount of worms within the heart and the most common are tiredness, cough, weight loss, shortness of breath and weight loss.
Some specific tests detect the presence of young larvae in the animal ‘s blood, and these tests can be repeated annually in animals that frequent coastal regions. If there are young larvae may indicate the presence of the adult worm and then the treatment is indicated. But even eliminating the worm, the damage it caused to the heart are irreversible.
There are medicines that kill small larvae, preventing the disease to develop. Some prescription drugs continuously for control of fleas and worms already have effect against young larvae.
The best way to prevent your dog from becoming infected is to do a preventive treatment regimen throughout your dog’s life, which can be launched from 6-8 weeks of life of the animal.
Before the main focus of transmission of the disease was restricted to the coastal and inland areas, now it is present in wooded areas and close to the dams and the Atlantic Forest in São Paulo. So only the veterinarian must make this guidance and verify that your pet should or should not do preventive treatment.