Allergy in dogs. Types, symptoms, treatment.
The content of the article
- 1 Types of Allergy
- 2 Symptoms of allergic reactions
- 3 Allergy Treatment
If the dog is suffering from allergies – this means that her body does not react to any stimulus. In most cases this can be a particular component of its regular diet.
For example, the cause of food allergies in dogs may be receiving products such as fish or poultry meat, eggs, dairy products, or yeast, citrus, various vegetable oils, and even vegetables and red fruit. Of course, the list of “dangerous” products also need to include chocolate, sugar and meats, and solenenkim they also indulge in harmful.
varieties of allergies
However, only half of the cases accounted for by food allergies. No less is a strong irritant and medicines, flower or bee pollen, various vitamin complexes that are based on brewer’s yeast. Most often found in dogs skin dermatitis, which is caused by fleas. If you notice your dog these little saboteurs, you can be sure – itching caused by irritation from chemicals contained in flea saliva.
Another “itchy” type of allergy is atopic dermatitis, overcomes the animal aged from six months to three years. It is caused by various allergens are deposited on the skin – it can be a waste of human dander or dust mites. Allergen may be seasonal, such as pollen. But plant sap can cause allergic or irritant contact dermatitis. Most often, these allergic reactions are developed in such areas of the body that are not covered with hair. The cause of such allergies can be, even a one-time contact with something that is an irritant.
Cases and cases of autoimmune allergy, for example, when a dog begins to show hypersensitive reaction to the bacteria species Staphelococcus, which are not only very popular, but even beneficial microorganisms. When the dog’s condition is aggravated, there staphylococcal allergic dermatitis. The animal can also respond poorly to some antibiotics and insecticides, bites of insects. In these cases, the pet observed urticaria.
Symptoms of allergic reactions
If the pet is suffering from a food allergy, it can be seen from the itching and loss of fur, reddened bald spots, rough skin and dandruff. A dog can “cry”, sweating and ears combing. Otitis media, in general, a frequent companion of food allergy. “Flea” dermatitis also appears itchy and inflamed, reddish skin with dandruff, but later on the skin formed papules. They are often found in the groin or on the sacrum. But the “itchy” allergic contact dermatitis is manifested by inflammation and pustules only where the dog is no fur – on the abdomen, scrotum, chin and feet.
Atopic dermatitis in dogs can be recognized by red, itchy and inflamed skin, ulcers and hardened crust. This species allergy little characteristic features, however, such dermatitis occurs mostly in dogs between the ages of six months to three years. Alert the owner should the dog regularly and nervously licking paws, muzzle, inguinal and axillary areas. Staphylococcal dermatitis is diagnosed by a purulent sores, which occur near the tail and groin, or brisket area. The most insidious disease is allergic urticaria, the symptoms of which (red spots on the face with clear boundaries) are rare and pass quickly, and the dog at this time does not stop itching and burning.
With allergies from fleas can easily cope special insecticides or imidas-loprid to be treated just pet from tail to toe. Cope with atopic dermatitis help antihistamine drugs that reduce the intensity of itching, and corticosteroids, reduce inflammation. To prevent the development of secondary infections (fungus or bacteria), antibiotic therapy should be carried out.
In any case, to make the correct diagnosis and treatment can only be a veterinarian.