Alaskan Malamute: How to Avoid Hereditary Problems
Whether a dog, or a wolf … History of breed Alaskan malamute, ancient human companion, during the existence has acquired many legends, has undergone many twists and turns.
From the domestication of wild dogs, centuries of isolated existence next to the residents of the North and the consolidation of facial features … Until the endless crosses with different breeds and lines of sled dogs and the almost complete disappearance of the breed purity …
But despite the many twists of fate, we will celebrate the centenary revival of the breed Alaskan Malamute in ten years. Faithful, Loyal, reliability of our friends and colleagues.
Disadvantages – the continuation of merit malamute
This breed of dog was always in demand. When transporting large loads over long distances in extreme conditions caused by not only the harsh climate of the North. The extraordinary, complex situations when a regular form of transportation was simply impossible to apply.
Therefore, the requirements are traditionally high, not only to the performance of physical endurance, total fitness of these unique dogs. Such powerful load should be adjusted, and their physique as a whole, and each department in particular.
Time has developed the only true version of exterior features. The least serious deviation drastically reduces the working qualities of sled dogs. It is making them incapable of fulfilling its ancestral “home duties”.
But it helps that this breed has traditionally staunchly passes from age to age only her inherent style. Whatever may happen to her and whatever her mated with anyone. Its positive effects does natural selection, and strict observance of breeders by breed standards.
Indeed, this is the main method for Malamute for centuries to preserve, in particular, and strong Siberian health. After all, the main external characteristics that together create this unique breed, secured a strong family history.
Genetic problems Alaskan malamute
Not only peace-loving, sensitive attitude to the person recorded centuries in the genes malamute. There is a considerable number of inherited diseases peculiar to this breed.
Most of them are manifested at an early age. But different stages of 10-11-year life of the Alaskan Malamute are also characterized by the manifestation of certain genetic anomalies, namely:
• a period of several months to 1-2 years.
At this time, it formed hip dysplasia common to all large breeds of dogs. Chondrodysplasia due to the shortening of the long bones leads to the birth of the puppies dwarf.
Zinc-dependent dermatosis affects her skin. Generalized demodicosis – an indicator of systemic disorders in the body.
Deficiency of factors VII and IX (hemophilia B) causes bleeding even in newborn puppies.
Occurring disorders of the visual system: it is a cataract, and corneal dystrophy, and daytime blindness.
Idiopathic polyneuropathy – a disease of the nervous system, it is typical for the breed Alaskan Malamutes;
• the average age of 6-7 years.
It appears breed predisposition to a disease, which results in male pattern baldness animals – Alopecia X. The same result is observed at sad follicular dysplasia.
Idiopathic epilepsy, peculiar to this breed, systematically associated with severe abnormalities in many organs.
Inhibition of the visual system is shown in the form of glaucoma;
• the period up to 11 years.
In this age of dogs having malignant tumors of various glands, including the sweat and sebaceous. This is one of the main causes of their deaths.
Latest tips and tricks
Hemophilia is much more common in males, so tough deducing them from breeding – the main way to deal with this serious disease. Females are mainly its distribution channel, which effectively suppress the entire family by analysis and also a high level of rejection.
But in the case of factor VII deficiency is much easier, although the symptoms of this disease are very similar: it is responsible for the dominant gene. It works openly, and results of operations is called the “obvious”: its speakers – only sick dogs.
Healthy animals are completely free from this negative hereditary factors. Get rid of it all is simple – do not leave offspring: expect healthy puppies are futile.
As for the other diseases, which are responsible for the recessive genes, the movement of which from generation to generation to the next is very difficult. A cure may be only the most reliable information about the health of the parents puppy and thorough compliance with all recommendations of the veterinarian.
At first glance, such a complex disease the major organ systems of the Alaskan Malamute can be a barrier to successful education of a healthy dog.
In fact, a genetic predisposition to it is not shown, if properly balanced diet and exercise are carefully selected. Love and care for your pet, plus a strong immune system and legendary stamina of this breed – the best guarantee against any trouble